Purposes and Types of Irons
Forged Irons (Known as Blades)
There are different methods for making forged irons, but in all cases, forged irons are made from a single piece of steel. The steel is heated and then molded into shape by a pressing machine. Forged irons are also known as blades because the shape of them resembles the blade of a knife. These types of irons were very popular, even into the late 80’s. However, with technical improvements in the construction of cast-iron clubs, by the mid 90’s, only about half of the players on the PGA Tour were still using forged irons.
Forged irons are harder clubs to hit for the beginner or even average player because they typically have smaller heads and therefore smaller sweet spots, so it’s easier to mishit them if you don’t have a proper golf swing.
Forged irons typically maintain more weight in the center of the club head when compared to cavity-back clubs. As a result, top players who consistently hit the sweet spot with their swings will enjoy greater accuracy. Although golfers can often get away with mishits when using a cavity-back club, some pros believe that the challenge of hitting with forged clubs helps their overall games. A forged club head’s construction is also more consistent than that of a cast iron club head. The casting process typically traps tiny air bubbles within the liquid metal, in contrast to a completely solid forged iron. Additionally, current manufacturing techniques allow forged irons to be constructed with cavity-back features, giving devotees of forged irons the best of both worlds.
Cast Irons (Known as Cavity-Back)
Cast-iron clubs are made from liquid metal that is poured into a mold and allowed to cool. Then, the forms are broken to expose the new “blank” club heads. Additional machining transforms these “blanks” into finished clubs. The advantages of cast irons are their flexibility and price. Manufacturers can easily create club heads of any shape, and they can do it more inexpensively than making forged clubs.
Casting technology led to the introduction of cavity-back clubs, which have thick ridges around the rear perimeter of the club head, leaving a cavity in the middle. Cavity backs are preferred by beginner or average golfers because their technology helps them improve their games because the cast-iron club has a larger sweet spot which is more forgiving when you mishit the golf ball.
The weight of a cavity-back club head is more evenly distributed around the perimeter, making cavity backs a better choice for weekend golfers, because the clubs are much more tolerant of mishit balls. Beginner golfers will find it easier to hit the ball straight with a cavity-back iron.
You can find different sets of golf irons at the following link. If you’re looking for a new set of irons, there are plenty of choices and brands available on the market today. Hopefully you will find a set here that suits your game.